Chemical Hygiene Plan

SOP Number: 5.002
Review Date: May 7, 2004
Replaces: 5.001
Reviewed by: Chemical Hygiene Committee

Table of Contents

Chemical Hygiene Committee

  • Dr. William Deutschman - Committee Chairman
  • Dr. Peter Conrad, Radiation Safety Officer
  • Dr. Robert Fuller, Earth and Environmental Science
  • Christine Feazelle, Student Health Service
  • Ben Wright, Theatre
  • Dan Mariano, Custodial
  • Jim Fezette, Central Heating Plant
  • William Circelli, Water Treatment
  • Dr. Don Slish, Biology
  • Thomas Moffett, Chemistry
  • Joseph Tesoriere, Purchasing
  • Dr. Kathy LaVoie, Dean, Arts and Science
  • Dr. Sue Spissinger, Sponsored Research
  • Dave Lawrence, Duplicating
  • Kevin Roberts, Maintenance and Operations
  • Beryl Matthews, Art Department
  • Al Mihalek, Assistant to the Dean of Arts & Science
  • Mr. Edward Bortnick, Environmental Health and Safety Officer-Chemical Hygiene Officer
  • Cathy Eldridge, Environmental Health & Safety Associate
  • Arlene Sabo, University Police
  • Jeffry Jones, Earth & Environmental Science, LCRI

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Chemical Hygiene Plan

Chemical Lab Safety:

Make sure you are properly trained in the use, storage, and handling of chemicals including reading and/or having access to MSDS sheets.


  • Keep only the amount of chemicals you need for the immediate job in the lab
  • Perform lab work in the lab, not in storage or other spaces
  • Store toxic substances in unbreakable containers whenever practical - plastic disposable centrifuge tubes can be used. Keep them in a clearly marked, ventilated area.
  • Position and clamp reaction apparatus thoughtfully in order to permit manipulation without the need to move the apparatus until the entire reaction is completed.
  • Combine reagents in the appropriate order.
  • Wrap evacuated glass containers to protect against explosion
  • Check stored chemicals regularly for deterioration, broken containers.
  • Use adequate hand protection when inserting glass tubing into rubber stoppers or corks or when placing rubber tubing on glass hose connections
  • Store breakable containers in chemically-resistant trays or over wrap containers.
  • Dispose of chemicals, broken glass, and other wastes in the containers specifically approved for that use
  • Clean up broken glass and spills immediately
  • Post signs to warn others of toxic or radioactive hazards in the lab
  • Keep the lab clean and neat
  • Dispose of materials safely and legally
  • Practice good personal hygiene in the laboratory
  • Know what to do in an emergency
  • Wash hands frequently when dealing with chemicals. Abide by departmental policy or Standard Operating Procedure (SOP).
  • Look for signage indicating the location of your MSDS.


  • Don't consume food or beverages, or smoke in areas where chemicals are being used or stored.
  • Don't use damaged glassware
  • Don't store chemicals near heat or sunlight, or near other substances with which they might react dangerously
  • Don't carry materials between lab and storeroom by hand. Use trays, racks and carts
  • Don't pour chemicals down the drain unless you know the disposal regulations and know that sink disposal is acceptable. (There are many chemicals that are perfectly acceptable to wash down the drain. E.g. dilute salt solutions, neutralized acids, or have checked with MSDS etc. )
  • Don't store chemicals in hoods or on bench tops
  • Don't store materials on floors or other places where they create a tripping hazard
  • Don't keep chemicals that are no longer needed
  • Don't leave operating equipment unattended if specific hazards can occur.
  • Don't leave chemicals out at night-put them back in storage areas
  • Don't add solids to hot liquids
  • Don't fool around in the lab
  • Don't use chemicals in rooms that do not have proper safety equipment.
  • Don't put custodians or fellow workers in danger-store and dispose of dangerous items like biological and syringes according to procedures

Chemicals, incautiously handled, can result in serious bodily injury and severe property damage. Skin contact with corrosive chemicals can cause ulcerated burns or dermatitis; inhalation, absorption or ingestion of toxic chemicals can cause illness or death; flammable liquids and solids can cause sustained fires and/or explosions. Basic information such as boiling point, flash point, vapor pressure, toxicity, explosive limits, incompatibility of the chemicals used and the observance of the following procedures will greatly aid in minimizing the potential hazards involved in laboratory work.

  1. Treat any unfamiliar chemical as hazardous.
  2. Consider a mixture at least as hazardous as it's most hazardous component.
  3. Do not use any unlabeled substances.
  4. Follow all chemical safety instructions to the letter.
  5. Keep Material Safety Data Sheets for each substance in use on hand in the laboratory.
  6. Never test chemicals by taste. Assume that all are toxic. To sample a gas by odor, fan some towards the nose with the hand after filling the lungs with air.
  7. Do not pipette chemicals or start siphons by mouth.
  8. Keep stopcock firmly in place to avoid leakage on hands and arms when using a dropping or separatory funnel.
  9. When heating flammable liquids, use a water bath or an electric mantle. Do not apply direct heat or flame.
  10. Use exhaust ventilation hoods for chemical reactions involving toxic, aromatic or obnoxious gases such as hydrogen cyanide, phosgene, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen fluoride, metal carbonyls and mercaptans.
  11. Flammable chemicals that require refrigeration must be kept in an explosion proof refrigerator. Any refrigerator or walk-in with ordinary lights, door switch or internal regulator is NOT explosion proof.
  12. Photosensitive chemicals must be kept out of direct rays of sunlight.
  13. Unused chemicals should never be returned to stock bottles.
  14. A compound that develops a gas by hydrolysis when exposed to air should not be tightly stoppered once it has been opened.
  15. Reagent bottles should be filled only to the shoulder in order to allow for pressure adjustments.
  16. Use a" safety carrier" when transporting corrosive liquids.
  17. Chemical spills should be handled cautiously.
    1. If spill is flammable immediately shut off all electrical heating units and open flames within the area.
    2. Use exhaust hoods to ventilate room.
    3. Avoid breathing fumes. If respiratory protection is required because concentrations are questionable or offensive, call 564-5009 or 564-2022.
    4. Wear rubber gloves when cleaning up corrosive materials. Each lab is equipped with a spill kit containing:
      1. Vermiculite (to be used as containment and for absorption)
      2. Eye Protection
      3. Nitrile Gloves
      4. Dust Mask (for clean up of powders only, not to be used as a respirator)
  18. 18.)Don't take chances. When in doubt as to how to handle a chemical, ask!!! Or, contact the Office of Environmental Health (564-5009) or make reference to the following:
    1. Manufacturing Chemist's Association Chemical Safety Data Sheets.
    2. Manufacturer's Material safety Data Sheets
    3. Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens (at the Environmental Health Office)
    4. Emergency Response Guidebook (Hazardous Materials Incidents)

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Standard Operating Procedures

  1. All chemicals purchased or brought into campus labs must have the prior approval of the chairman of the Chemical Hygiene Committee.
  2. Chemical wastes generated by College laboratories, shops and custodial services as well as abandoned reagents, outdated medical and art supplies, solvents, thinners, oils, cleaning fluids and their containers shall be identified and labeled. Packaging and disposal will be by contract and in compliance with regulations of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (E.P.A.) and the Department of Transportation (D.O.T.). Each department will establish a policy regarding working after normal working hours.

Collection and Segregation

  1. Satellite Accumulation areas for the waste solvents have been set up in each of the science laboratories. Waste solvent shall be collected separately by type. Chlorinated hydrocarbons shall be separated from non-chlorinated hydrocarbons. When full, the containers must be transported to the 180-day storage area by faculty or staff. Flammable and combustible liquid waste shall be collected and stored in accordance with safe handling procedures for these wastes. The proper disposal methods as stated on the Material Safety Data Sheets for each substance will be followed.
  2. Waste acids and alkalis shall be collected in separate glass containers with screw caps.
  3. Solid waste chemicals shall be collected in appropriate or non-reactive containers.

Identification and Labeling

Once material is declared waste, labeling is the most important component in assuring proper disposal. All waste chemical containers must be labeled using the "Chemical Substance" labels (available from the Environmental Health Office). Each of the areas known, on the label, will be appropriately marked. The name of the preparer must be on the label along with the date of preparation.


Properly identified, labeled wastes will be moved to hazardous waste storage (room 104 - Maintenance Storage Building.) Call the Environmental Health Office (564-5009) for removal.

  1. Permitted hazardous waste transporter will carry out packaging and drum labeling.
  2. Regulated Medical Waste

Packaging and Storage

All regulated medical waste, except for sharps, shall be contained in bags that are impervious to moisture and have sufficient strength to resist ripping, tearing or bursting under normal conditions of usage and handling. The bags shall be secured so as to prevent leakage during storage, handling or transport. All bags used for containment and disposal of regulated medical wastes shall be red in color. All discarded sharps shall be contained for disposal in leak proof, rigid, puncture-resistant containers. (For further information - refer to "Regulated Medical Waste Procedures-SUNY Plattsburgh).

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First Aid

  1. Chemical spillages on the skin should be immediately flushed away with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation or pain persists, report to the College Health Services for further treatment.
  2. Eyes contaminated with chemicals should be immediately flushed with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and report to the College Health Services.
  3. Wash hands frequently when handling bottles of chemicals. Use chemical resistant (nitrile) gloves when working with corrosive and /or toxic chemicals.
  4. In case of suffocation due to inhalation of fumes, remove victim from contaminated area (rescuers must wear proper respiratory protection) to fresh air and get medical assistance.

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Engineering Controls and Personal Protective Equipment

  1. All precautions listed in the section titled "Precautions for Safe Handling and Use" on the Material Safety Data Sheet will be followed.
  2. All container transfers involving chemicals classified as either corrosive, flammable, toxic or carcinogenic will be made in an operating fume hood with door raised to level no higher than the 100 cfm mark.
  3. Personal protective equipment available will consist of gloves, goggles, aprons and dust masks. The use of respirators is limited to employees with a doctor's clearance for use of any particular type of respirator. All respirator use will be governed by the "Respiratory Protection Plan" of the College in accordance with CFR 29 1910.134.
  4. Each laboratory supervisor will insure that proper housekeeping practices are followed and maintained.

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Emergency Procedures-Chemical Spills or Releases

  1. Know the Name of the Chemical Being Handled!
    Look for identifying label. The name of the chemical will be prominently displayed. Check the label for precautions and warnings. Very often the name of the chemical does not give an immediate clue as to procedures necessary to protect persons, contain the chemical and clean up the spill. Some chemicals have many different names and can be identified only by using appropriate references or calling the manufacturer.
  2. Skin Contact
    If the words ACID, CAUSTIC, or CORROSIVE appear, keep in mind that water in generous amounts must be used to wash these chemicals off the skin.
  3. Clothing Contact
    If chemicals listed in b. are splashed on shoes or clothing, the articles must be removed immediately. The area of skin under the clothing must be rinsed with large amounts of water. Shoes must be washed off under running water-use a brush or cloth to scrub the shoe. Articles of clothing must be submerged in running water and agitated to insure dilution of the chemical. If large areas of clothing are saturated the wearer must remove everything and rinse thoroughly under the safety shower.
  4. Respiratory Contact
    Breathing fumes or dusts from spilled chemicals should be avoided. The vapors or dusts from many chemicals are irritating to mucous membranes even in small amounts. Occasional short-term exposure causes effects, which last for only a few minutes. Some chemicals such as acids, chlorine, ammonia and certain powders may cause tissue damage which will last for several days. In very heavy concentrations, non-toxic vapors or gases may cause asphyxiation when released in confined spaces.
  5. The Spill
    1. If in doubt, leave the bottle or carton right where it falls and don't touch it with bare hands. (Rubber or plastic gloves may be needed).
    2. Obtain all information possible such as the name of the product, the manufacturer, address and phone number. The name of the chemical may be the trade name or the actual chemical name. Make certain it is spelled correctly; and then...
    3. Call Environmental Health and Safety at 564-5009 or University Police at 564-2022. Tell the receptionist you wish to report a chemical spill. Give receptionist the information that is known.
    4. The chemical spill team will contain the spill by surrounding the spill area with an absorbent such as vermiculite or with sand. This action is imperative especially if the spill is large (4-5 gallons), the material is flammable and occurs near a floor drain. Containment will also facilitate clean up.
  6. Evacuation
    The odor of a chemical is not necessarily an indication of its possible effect. Do not remain in an enclosed space and breathe fumes from a spilled or released chemical, liquid or powder.
    Always ventilate the space by opening doors and windows. This will dilute vapor concentrations and help prevent development of harmful or flammable levels of vapors or dust. (A spill team member with a respirator may have to ventilate, others may have to leave immediately).
  7. Clean Up
    The office of Environmental Health and Safety will supervise the clean up and disposal of released chemicals by properly dressed and equipped personnel.
  8. Warnings
    1. Liquids may be flammable. Do not permit open flames or cause sparks by turning lights on or off. Shut off all motors and open flames and leave off.
    2. Liquids or powders may be corrosive. Any contact with the skin must be washed off with water immediately.

Summary of procedures

  1. Always check to see what you are handling.
  2. Wash chemicals off skin with water - immediately.
  3. Chemicals splashed on clothing-remove and wash immediately.
  4. Leave broken bottles and cartons where they fall. Write down chemical name and telephone number. Call the Office of Environmental Health and Safety.
  5. Evacuate - Ventilate
  6. The office of Environmental Health and Safety will supervise the clean up by the spill team.
  7. Warning: Treat all liquids as flammable and corrosive.
  8. Keep vermiculite or sand on hand in the lab to use as a dam to contain liquid spills.

If it is necessary to use a respirator to determine the chemical name and to ventilate the area, wait for the arrival of the spill team. During the day shift call the Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 564-5009 and report the spill or release. After 5:00 pm or on weekends call University Police at 564-2022. Be prepared to give the proper information about the spill, such as chemical name, quantity spilled, location and any other pertinent information.

Warn others in the area of the spill or release. Evacuate the immediate area. Shut off all electrical devices and extinguish any open flame heat sources if the material is flammable.

Engineering and Personal Protective Controls Tests and Maintenance

  1. A Designated Areas
    Work being conducted using any chemical classified hazardous, highly toxic, acutely toxic, reproductive toxin, or carcinogenic will be performed in an operating fume hood or in an area designated by the laboratory supervisor. This area will be segregated from the rest of the lab.
  2. Personal Protective Equipment Maintenance
    1. The lab supervisor will maintain all protective laboratory equipment. Gloves, aprons, eye protection, dust masks and any other needed personal equipment will be maintained by the individual lab.
    2. Emergency showers will be tested biannually by drawing off approximately 5 gal of water through the showerhead.
    3. Emergency eyewash stations will be clearly marked and centrally located. They will be kept in working order and tested monthly, by the lab supervisor.
    4. Any problems with the emergency protection systems, whether personal protective equipment or engineering controls, will be reported immediately to the Maintenance and Operations Center for immediate repair or replacement.
    5. The "Respirator Program SUNY Plattsburgh" covers Respiratory protection. This document details proper selection of a respirator, use, fit testing, and care. It is the policy of SUNY Plattsburgh that no employee will be required to perform duties requiring the use of a respirator without first obtaining a doctor's clearance stating that the employee is capable of working with that type of respirator.
  3. Engineering Controls Tests and Maintenance
    1. Laboratory fume hoods are tested annually for cfm measurements. The hoods are then marked at the 100-cfm adjustment and tagged as such. If fumes or vapors escape from the hood, stop chemical work immediately. Call the Environmental Health Office (564-5009) or the Central Heating Plant (564-5030). Report your problem, room and hood number.
    2. Fume hood motors, fans and belts are checked daily by an Assistant Engineer or Engineer from the Central Heating Plant. The identity, location and status of all fume hood fans are kept at the Central Heating Plant and updated daily.
    3. Monthly maintenance is performed on each fume hood fan and motor, by the Central Heating Plant staff. Maintenance includes bearing checks and lubrication, belt adjustments and replacements, and when indicated electrical system checks.Fume Hood numbers and the room service by them are in Appendix D.

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Accident and Emergency Reporting

All accidents or emergencies will be reported immediately to:

  1. Primary Investigator
  2. Laboratory Supervisor
  3. Environmental Health Office (564-5009)
  4. University Police (564-2022)

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Fires and Explosions

Small fires that can easily be extinguished without evacuating the building or calling the fire department are among the most common laboratory incidents. Actions to be taken in case of a small laboratory fire:

  1. Alert other personnel in the laboratory and send someone for assistance
  2. Attack the fire immediately, but never attempt to fight a fire alone. A fire in a small vessel can often be suffocated by covering the vessel with an inverted beaker or a watch glass. Use the proper extinguisher, directing the discharge of the extinguisher at the base of the flame.
    All laboratories are furnished with ABC fire extinguishers - can be used on:
    • Class A- ordinary combustible solids such as paper, wood, coal, rubber, and textiles
    • Class B-petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile flammable solvents
    • Class C-electrical equipment
  3. Avoid entrapment in a fire; always fight a fire from a position accessible to an exit.
  4. If there is any doubt whether locally available personnel and equipment can control the fire, the following actions should be taken:
    1. Activate the nearest fire alarm pull box - this will automatically notify the fire department and give them the location.
    2. Confine the emergency (close hood sashes, doors between laboratories, and fire doors) to prevent further spread of the fire.
    3. Assist injured personnel.
    4. Evacuate the building to avoid further danger to personnel.
  5. In case of explosion, immediately turn off burners and other heating devices, stop any reactions in progress, assist in treating victims, and vacate the area until it has been decontaminated.

Taken from Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories: National Research Council (National Academy Press, 1981. Washington, D.C.)

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Provisions for Medical Evaluation/Consultation

SUNY Plattsburgh will provide employees who work with hazardous chemicals an opportunity to receive medical attention, including any follow-up examinations the examining physician determines to be necessary, under the following conditions:

  1. Whenever the employee develops signs or symptoms associated with a laboratory chemical exposure;
  2. When exposure monitoring reveals an exposure level routinely above the Action Level, or in the absence of an Action Level, the Permissible Exposure Level for an OSHA regulated substance; and
  3. Whenever an event takes place in the work area (such as a leak or spill) that results in the likelihood of a hazardous chemical exposure. SUNY Plattsburgh will provide specific exposure related information to examining physicians (substance identity, description of exposure, etc.) Examining physicians will submit a written opinion to the college, which discusses the findings of the examination.

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The SUNY Plattsburgh Office of Environmental Health will establish and maintain for each employee an accurate record of any measurements taken to monitor employee exposures and any medical consultation and /or examinations (including tests or written opinions). Records will be kept, transferred and made available to employees or their representatives in accordance with OSHA's Access To Employee Exposure and Medical Records Standard (29 CFR 1910.20).

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Pre-Review of Chemical Purchases and Research Projects

All chemical purchases must have the prior approval of the Chairman of the Chemistry Department. (Please see Standard Operating Procedures.) Before the chairman makes any approvals he will determine that the chemical or procedure is the least hazardous and in the smallest quantity that can be used in each situation. The chairman will also determine that the applying chemist or technician has made provisions for disposal of any waste chemicals.

All research projects involving chemicals must have the prior approval of the Chemical Review Committee. There are specific research review committees dealing with human, animal, and chemical research. The committees are made up of members whose expertise is in the various areas connected with academic research in the scientific disciplines.

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Employee Information and Training


  1. The "Chemical Hygiene Plan," "Regulated Medical Waste" procedures, and Right-To-Know "Employee Handbook" are on file in the Chemistry Department office and the Environmental Health Office at the Service Building. Employees will be given information concerning prudent laboratory practices at the beginning of each semester.
  2. OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL's) and recommended exposure limits can be obtained from the Environmental Health Office at the Service Building or by calling 564-5009.
  3. Signs or symptoms of chemical exposure can be found by referring to the appropriate Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
  4. Material Safety Data Sheets can be found in the individual labs or from the Environmental Health Office. Chemical suppliers must send MSDS's with the initial purchase of the chemical substance.


  1. Employees will be shown the various ways chemicals can enter the body, how they affect the body, and how to protect themselves.
  2. Employees will be taught the difference between physical and health hazards.
  3. Employees will be shown the various methods of control - both engineering and personal protective.
  4. Employees will be given details on the Chemical Hygiene Plan and their rights under the law.

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Lab Operations Requiring Prior Approval

  • Potentially Explosive Compounds
  • Highly Toxic Gases
  • Highly Malodorous Compounds
  • Regulated Carcinogens

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Policy and Procedure for Laboratory Clean-out of Hazardous Materials

A policy is established for the "Laboratory Clean-Out of Hazardous Materials" to assure that hazardous materials are disposed of properly when faculty, staff, postdoctoral associates, or graduate students transfer to a different laboratory or leave the University. Each department will be responsible for inspecting facilities for hazardous materials when laboratory close out procedures have been completed. Any problems resulting from improper management of hazardous materials at close out will be addressed by the department head/chairperson, appropriate dean and/or appropriate safety committee. EH&S will not be responsible for any additional cleanup costs, regulatory action or fines resulting from non-compliance with this policy. In these instances, the responsible department head will arrange for the necessary remediation funds.


Remove and properly dispose of all hazardous materials from the main laboratory and also from any shared storage units such as refrigerators, cold rooms, stock rooms, and satellite collection areas. Clean and decontaminate all laboratory equipment, fume hoods, bench tops, cabinets, floors and shelves. If laboratory equipment is to be discarded, the following is necessary: Be aware that hazardous materials (e.g., batteries, capacitors, transformers, mercury switches, mercury thermometers, oil, asbestos linings, radioactive sources, and CFCs from refrigerators, etc.) may be in equipment and must be removed before disposal. The supervising faculty member of the laboratory (or appointed faculty member) shall inspect the facilities to determine if the laboratory has been properly cleaned and decontaminated.

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Appendix A

Particularly Hazardous Substances

Select Carcinogens

Definition of Select Carcinogen

  • OSHA Regulated Carcinogen
  • Known Carcinogen-National Toxicity Program (NTP)
  • Group I (IARC) International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Group 2A or 2B by IARC or Reasonably Anticipated by NPT and dose to produce effect in animal study is below specified levels

OSHA Regulated Carcinogens



4-Aminobiphenyl Asbestos
Benzidine Bis(chloromethyl)ether
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine (and it's salts) 4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
Ethylenimine Inorganic arsenic
Methyl chloromethyl ether 4,4'-Methylene-bis(2-chloroaniline)
a-Napthylamine B-Napthylamine
4-Nitrobiphenyl N-Nitrosodimethylamine
B-Propiolactone Vinyl chloride

Potential Suspect Carcinogens

A-C(2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b] indole) Acetaldehyde
Acetamide Acrylamide
Adriamycin 2-Aminoanthraquinone
AF-2[2-(2-Furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamide] p-Aminoazobenzene
1-Amino-2-methylanthraquinone o-Aminoazotoluene
2-Amino-5-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole Amitrole
Androgenic (anabolic) steroids o-Anisidine and o-anisidine HCI
Aramite Auramine, technical grade
Azaserine Benz(a)anthracene
Benzidine-based dyes Benzo(b)fluoranthene
Benzo(j)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene
Benzo(a)pyrene Benzyl violet 4B
Berylliun and certain Be compounds Bischloroethyl nitrosourea (BCNU)
Bitumens, extracts of steam refined & air refined Bleomycins
1,3-Butadine Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)
Butyrolactone Cadmium and Cd compounds
Carbon tetrachloride Carrageenan, degraded
Chloramphenicol Chlordecone (Kepone)
Chlorendic acid Chlorinated toluenes
1-(2chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) Chloroform
Chlorophenols Chlorophenoxy herbicides
4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine p-Chloro-o-toluidine
C.I. basic red 9 monohydrochloride Citrus Red No.2
Cisplatin Creosotes
p-Cresidine Cupferron
Cycasin Dacarbazine
Dauomycin DDT
N,N'-Diacetylbenzidine 2,4-Diaminoanisole
3,3-Ddiaminobenzidine 4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl ether
2,4-Diaminotoluene Dibenz(a,h)acridine
Bibenz(a,j)acridine Dibenz(a,h)anthracene
7H-Dibenzo(c,g)carbazole Dibenzo(a,e)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,h)pyrene Dibenzo(a,i)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,l)pyrene 1,2-Dibromoethane (EDB)
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 1,2-Dichloroethane (EDC)
3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether Dichloromethane
1,3-Dichloropropene (technical grade) Diepoxybutane
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Diethylsulfate
1,2-Diethylhydrazine Diglycidyl resorcinol ether
Dihydrosafrole 3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
Dimethyl sulfate Dimethylvinyl chloride
1,4-Dioxane Direct Blue 6
Direct Black 38 (benzidine derived azo dye) Epichlorohydrin
Ethyl acrylate Ethyl methanesulphonate
N-Ethyl-N-nitrosourea Ethylene dibromide
Ethylene thiourea Glycidaldehyde
2-(2-Formylhydrazino)-4-(5-nitro-2furyl)thiazole Griseofulvin
Glu-P-2(2-Aminodipyrido[1,2-a:3',2'-d]imidazole Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorocyclohexanes Hexamethylphosphoramide
Hydrazine and hydrazine sulfate Hydrobenzene
Indeeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene Iron dextran complex
IQ(2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline) Lasiocarpine
Lead and lead compounds, inorganic Medroxyprogesterone acetate
MeA-c(2-Amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole) Merphalan
5-Methoxypsoralen 2-Methylaziridine (propylenemine)
Methylazoxymethanol & it's acetate 5-Methylchrysene
4,4-Methylene bis(2-chloroaniline) (MOCA) 4,4-Methylene bis(2-methylaniline)
4,4'-Methylenedianiline Methyl iodide
Methyl methanesulphonate 2-Methyl-1-nitroanthraquinone
N-Methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoquanidine (MNNG) N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea
N-Methyl-N-nitrosourethane Methylthiouracil
4,4'-Methylene bis(n,n-dimethyl) benzeneamine Metronidazole
4,4-Methylenedianiline & it's dihydrochloride Michler's ketone
Mirex Mitomycin C
Monocrotaline Nafenopin
Niridazole Nitrilotriacetic acid
5-Nitroacenaphthene 5-Nitro-o-anisidine
Nitrofen Nitrogen mustard
1-[(5-Nitrofurfurylidene)amino]-2-immidazolidinone Nitrogen mustard N-oxide
2-Nitropropane N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine
N-Nitrosodiethanolamine N-Nitrosidiethylamine
p-Nitrosodiphenylamine N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine
N-Nitroso-n-ethylurea 3-(N_Nitrosomethylamino)propionitrile
4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) N-Nitrosomethylethylamine
N-Nitro-n-methylurea N-Nitrosomethylvinylamine
N-Nitrosomorpholine N-Nitrosonornicotine
N-Nitrosopiperidine N-Nitrosophyrrolidine
N-Nitrososarcosine Norethisterone
Oil Orange SS 4,4-Oxydianiline
Oxymetholone Phenacetin
Panfuran S (containing dihydroxymethylfuratrizine) Phenazopyradine and HCI-salt
Phenobabital Phenoxybezamine hydrochloride
Phenytoin Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) Ponceau MX
Ponceau 3R Potassium bromate
Procarbazine and HCI-salt Progestins
1,3-Propane sultone Propiolactone
Propylene oxide Propylthiouracil
Reserpine Saccharin
Safrole Selenium sulfide
Silica, crystalline Sodium o-phenylphenate
Sterigmatocystin Streptozotocin
Styrene Styrene oxide
Sulfallate 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
Tetrachloroethylene Thiocetamide
4,4'-Thiodianiline Thiourea
Toluene diisocyanates o-Toluidine and o-toluidine-HCI
Toxaphene 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
Tris(1-aziridinyl)phosphine sulfide Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate
Trp-P-1(3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole) Trypan blue Vinyl bromide
Trp-P-2(3-Amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole) Uracil mustard Urethane

Return Particularly Hazardous Substances

Reproductive Toxins

Definition of Reproductive Toxins

Chemicals which affect reproductive capabilities including chromosomal damage (mutations), and effects fetuses (teratogenesis)

Reproductive Toxin Tiers

First Tier

  • Dibromochloropropane (DBCP)
  • Ethylene Oxide
  • Inorganic Lead Compounds

Second Tier

  • Alkyl Mercury Compounds
  • Formamide
  • Glycol Ethers (2-methoxyethanol, 2-ethoxyethanol, and acetates)

Third Tier

  • Antimony
  • Arsenic/Arsine
  • Benzene
  • Carbon Disulfide
  • Ethylene Dibromide
  • Formaldehyde
  • Mercury (Inorganic Compounds)
  • Methylene Chloride
  • Nitrous Oxide
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls
  • Thiourea
  • Toluene
  • Trichloroethane
  • Trichloroethylene
  • Vinyl Chloride

Return Particularly Hazardous Substances

Substances with a High Degree of Acute Toxicity

  • Not Defined
  • Diisopropylflouorophosphate
  • Hydrofluoric Acid
  • Hydrogen Cyanide
  • Hydrogen Sulfide
  • Nitrogen Dioxide

Return Particularly Hazardous Substances

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Appendix B

Hazardous Chemicals

Psychology Department


Hazards of Formalin
Hazardous Ingredients Percentage Hazard Data
Formaldehyde 37-55 TLV 2ppm
Methanol 0.0- 15 8 hr TWA 200ppm (skin)
Formic Acid Trace 8 hr TWA 5ppm
Water Remainder  

Special Protection Information

  1. Provide adequate exhaust ventilation
  2. Fume hoods should be used for enclosed processing as much as possible
  3. Prevent skin contact by using impervious gloves, sleeves, aprons, and boots as required.
  4. Use chemical safety goggles where splashing is possible, plus a face shield where splashing is probable.
  5. For non-routine or emergencies above the TLV use organic cartridge respirator up to 12mg/m3, canister respirator up to 120mg/m3, or a self contained or air supplied respirator above 120mg/m3. A full face piece is required for all levels above the TLV.


Hazards of Xylene
Hazardous Ingredients Percentage PEL TLV
Xylene 100 100ppm 100ppm

Note: Technical grade Xylene contains 18-20% Ethyl Benzene. Ethyl Benzene has a PEL of 100ppm and a TLV of 100ppm (125ppm STEL). Short term exposure limit for xylene is 150ppm. NIOSH recommends a limit of 100ppm, 8 hr TWA;200ppm 10 minute ceiling.

Special Protection Information

  1. Provide adequate exhaust ventilation
  2. Wear resistant gloves, such as nitrile
  3. Wear Chemical splash goggles
  4. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothes.
  5. If exposure limits are exceeded an air supplied respirator is to be used.

Fire and Explosion Hazards

Vapors are heavier than air and may travel along the ground or be moved by ventilation and ignited by flames, sparks, heaters or other ignition source.

Watershed Manipulation Project


Lead compounds which are classified by EPA as hazardous substances include: lead acetate, lead arsenate, lead chloride, lead fluoborate, lead fluoride, lead iodide, lead nitrate, lead stearate, lead sulfate, lead sulfide, and lead thiocyanate


  • Strong oxidizers, hydrogen peroxide, active metals-sodium,potassium.

PEL in air:

  • .05mg/m3. rf

First Aid:

  • Eyes - irrigate immediately.
  • Skin - flush with soap promptly.
  • Inhalation - move to fresh air immediately and perform artificial respiration.
  • Ingestion - give large quantities of water and induce vomiting.

Personal Protection:

  • Wear appropriate clothing to avoid repeated or prolonged skin contact.
  • Wear eye protection
  • Respirator Selection:
  • 0.5 mg/m3: HiEP
  • 2.5 mg/m3: HiEPF
  • 50 mg/m3: PAPHiE/SA:PD,PP,CF
  • 100 mg/m3: SAF:PD,PP,CF

Disposal Method Suggested:

Lead oxide-chemical conversion to the sulfide or carbonate followed by collection of the precipitate and lead recovery via smelting operations.


Arsenic compounds classified by EPA as hazardous substances are: arsenic disulfide, arsenic pentoxide, arsenic trichloride, arsenic trioxide, and arsenic trisulfide.

Permissible Exposure Limit:

  • 0.2mg/m3

Permissible Concentration in Water:

  • To protect freshwater aquatic life - not to exceed 440u g/l
  • To protect saltwater aquatic life - not to exceed 508u g/l
  • To protect human health - 0

First Aid:

  • Irrigate eyes with water. Wash contaminated areas of body with soap and water.
  • In case of emergency or areas of high dust or spray mist, workers should wear air supplied or self contained positive pressure full face type respirators. Where concentrations are less than 100X the standard, workers may use half-mask respirators with replaceable dust or fume filters.

Disposal Method:

Arsenic-elemental arsenic wastes should be placed in long term storage or returned to the suppliers or manufacturers for reprocessing.

Selenium and Compounds


  • Acids, strong oxidizing agents

Permissible Exposure Limits:

  • 0.2mg/m3 TWA

Permissible Concentration in Water:

  • To protect freshwater aquatic life-35u g/l for 24 hr. not to exceed 260u g/l
  • To protect saltwater aquatic life-54u g/l for 24hr. not to exceed 410u g/l
  • To protect human health-10u g/l

First aid:

  • If this chemical gets into the eyes, irrigate immediately.
  • If this chemical contacts the skin, wash with soap immediately.
  • If a person breathes in large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at once and give artificial respiration.
  • When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting.

Personal Protective Methods:

  • Protective clothing, masks and supplied air respirators are need in areas where concentrations of dusts and vapors exceed the allowable standards.

Disposal Method:

  • Powdered selenium: dispose in a chemical waste landfill. When possible, recover selenium and return to suppliers.


Routes of Entry:

  • Ingestion and skin contact

Personal Protective Methods:

  • If repeated or prolonged, skin exposure is likely; gloves or protective clothing are necessary.

Disposal Method:

  • Incineration; incinerator is equipped with a scrubber or thermal unit to reduce Nox

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Appendix C

SUNY Plattsburgh Pesticide Guidelines

Mission: For the protection and health of faculty, staff, students, Plattsburgh community, and environment, it is the intent of SUNY Plattsburgh to follow all pesticide guidelines and safety measures established by the Federal Environmental Protection Agency, and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Responsible Parties

  1. Environmental Health Office 564-5051
  2. Environmental Safety Officer 564-5009
  3. Horticulturist/Arborist 564-5095
  4. Grounds Supervisor 564-3027
  5. Heating Plant 564-5030

Pesticide Safety

  1. Do not apply pesticides unless all factors are favorable for protecting you, others, and the environment.
  2. Always read the entire pesticide label before you use it.
  3. Be prepared for an emergency spill or exposure ahead of time.
  4. Be aware of your legal responsibilities.
  5. Transport pesticides safely in the back of your truck and secure containers so they won't spill, slide, or break. Notify the Department of Transportation to inquire if you need a vehicle sign indicating you are transporting hazardous materials.
  6. Always wear personal protective equipment (PPE) that provides appropriate protection from the pesticide being used. READ the pesticide label to determine what PPE is required.
  7. Be extra cautious when mixing pesticides in their concentrated form. Wear appropriate PPE.
  8. Choose an out of the way mixing area that will not endanger the health of others, or contaminate water supplies.
  9. Mix only what is needed and in the correct proportions.
  10. Always keep your face away from pesticide container when top is open, and when pouring the pesticide for mixing.
  11. Clean up spills immediately.
  12. Choose correct application equipment, and make sure that the equipment is calibrated and in good working order.
  13. Notify others and flag off area that is going to be treated with pesticides.
  14. Always thoroughly wash your hands and face after using or handing pesticides particularly before you eat or drink.
  15. Do not use pesticides when there is danger of drift or runoff due to wind or rain.
  16. If using hazardous chemicals always work in pairs or be in direct contact with another person every two hours.
  17. Wash contaminated clothing separately from everyday clothes and air dry outside away from individuals. Always handle clothing with chemical resistant gloves.
  18. Avoid spraying chemicals when unprotected individuals are present.
  19. Never use empty pesticide containers for any purpose. Dispose of them according to label instructions.
  20. Properly clean equipment after each use, and avoid contaminating rivers, streams etc.
  21. Read pesticide label to determine re-entry restrictions.

Personal Protective Equipment

  1. Gloves - Wear appropriate gloves that are labeled for chemical resistance, e.g. Neoprene, Butyl, or Nitrile material gloves. Use gloves that extend up to your elbows. Always wash gloves before you take them off.
  2. Body Coverings - For less toxic pesticides (Category III or IV) regular long pants and long-sleeved shirts are sufficient in pesticide protection. Highly toxic or toxic pesticides (Category I or II) require protective clothing that resists chemical entry. Examples are: Overalls, Tyvex suits (dry applications only), or laminated fabrics that resist liquid penetration.
  3. Aprons - Use during equipment cleaning or the chemical mixing process. Use aprons that are made of Neoprene, Butyl, or Nitrile materials.
  4. Boots - Use unlined chemical resist boots. Do not use leather boots. Always wear your pant legs outside your boots to avoid chemical spills into boots.
  5. Goggles/Safety Glasses - Always wear protective goggles or a face shield when mixing pesticides.
  6. Respirators - Read pesticide label for specifics on respirator type to be used. . Respirators must be fitted using a fit test. Facial hair must not interfere with the proper fit of the respirator. Double check the respirator cartridges for filtering capabilities, and replace all filters after 8 hours of use. If the applicator smells an odor, change the filters immediately! All respirator use will be governed by the " Respiratory Protection Plan" of the College in accordance with CFR 29 1910.134
  7. Blood Test - Individuals who apply pesticides regularly should have a blood test annually. Particularly to determine cholinesterase levels, a nervous system chemical. Carbamate and organophosphate pesticides attack this chemical particularly and without it you will die.

First Aid

  1. Call a doctor or ambulance - campus emergency contacts: UP 564-2022,911
  2. Poison on skin - flush area immediately with water, remove contaminated clothing, and wash thoroughly with soap and water.
  3. Chemical burns on skin - wash with cold water, remove contaminated clothing, do not apply burn treatment ointments.
  4. Poison in eye - flush eye with water as quickly as possible, gently, for fifteen minutes. At least five gallons of water should be used when flushing an eye. Cover eye with clean cloth and seek medical attention.
  5. Inhaled poisons - remove victim to fresh air, open all doors and windows, if victim is not breathing begin CPR.
  6. Swallowed poisons - NEVER induce vomiting if the person is unconscious. NEVER induce vomiting if the person swallowed a corrosive poison or if chemical is petroleum based. Most pesticides are petroleum based.
  7. In any poisoning emergency think water first. Then get emergency help fast.
  8. In order for doctors, emergency personnel etc. to provide the best specific treatment, always have the label and container of pesticide available to them.
  9. Pesticide applicators should have the phone number of the nearest poison control center quickly available.

First Aid for Field Use

Always have a first aid kit that contains:

  • small bottle of common detergent
  • package of activated charcoal
  • a shaped plastic air-way for mouth to mouth resuscitation
  • bottle of clean water
  • band aids
  • bandages
  • tape
  • blanket
  • small jar for drinking

Pesticide Disposal

  1. Try to prevent having a pesticide surplus. Only purchase what you need.
  2. Mix only the amount of pesticide that you will use.
  3. Pesticides that are still factory sealed may be returned to the manufacturer.
  4. Never dispose of pesticide rinse water where it will contaminate private, public water supplies or sewer systems.
  5. If your surplus pesticides are not returnable to the manufacturer try giving your surplus to another applicator that may need it.
  6. Keep all pesticides in the original container with the label attached. If the container becomes damaged, place the pesticide in another suitable vessel that is correctly labeled.
  7. All empty containers should be rinsed three times and disposed of in accordance to the label instructions or the instruction of the NYS DEC Regulations Part 325.4. Never reuse pesticide containers for anything else. Always destroy containers by punching holes in the top and bottom then crush them.
  8. Always read the pesticide label for proper disposal methods.
  9. Pesticides that are no longer usable must be removed and stored in a designated disposal area.

Pesticide Storage

  1. NYS DEC Storage Regulation 326.11 - "No person shall store any restricted use pesticide or empty such a manner as may be injurious to human, plant or animal life or to property or which unreasonably interferes with the comfortable enjoyment of life and property throughout such areas of the State as shall be affected thereby."
  2. Storage site should be clear of flooding.
  3. Storage area should be located where runoff or spills will not contaminate ground water systems. Drainage from area must be contained with dikes, sumps, collecting pools etc.
  4. Pesticides should be stored in a cool, dry, airy, room or building that is fire proof.
  5. The storage area should be well marked with warning signs on all doors and windows, the entry ways should be locked or the whole structure fenced in.
  6. The pesticide storage area should only be used for storing pesticides and nothing else. PPE should not be stored in there.
  7. The storage area should have water access, emergency items such as hydrated lime, high pH detergents, cat litter etc. to absorb spills quickly. A fire extinguisher is required.
  8. Store chemicals at a temperature above freezing or as required by the product label.
  9. Herbicides should be stored separately from sensitive plant items like grass seed, bulbs, potted plants etc.
  10. Pesticides with similar toxicity should be stored together.
  11. Pesticides should be stored off the floor in their original containers and placed so that the label is clearly visible.
  12. Unlabeled pesticides should be removed for disposal.
  13. A pesticide inventory should be maintained that indicates the amount, type, and date purchased.
  14. Pesticide equipment should have it's own unique storage. Always wash your equipment thoroughly before it is stored.
  15. Pesticide equipment should be labeled, "Danger Pesticides," to alert people to stay away.

Record Keeping and Registration

  1. SUNY Plattsburgh is required to register annually as a state agency that applies pesticides.
  2. Applicators are required to keep yearly records that include: EPA registration number, pesticide used, dosage rates, application methods, target organisms, use, date, and location of where pesticide was used. The records must be kept for a minimum of three years.
  3. Annual reports must be filed yearly with the NYS DEC in Albany by February 15. These reports consist of the previous years applications.
  4. Material Safety Data Sheets must be maintained for all pesticides used.


  1. Drift - The applicator, customer, and pesticide manufacturer may be suited if a pesticide causes environmental damage to non-target areas.
  2. Personal Injury - The pesticide applicator is responsible for any injury to a person from a pesticide.
  3. Owner or operator is responsible for child safety concerning pesticides. Do not leave application equipment or pesticides unattended where children/public are expected to be present.
  4. Do not leave pesticides such as 2-4-D exposed to other pesticides. 2-4-D may vaporize into a gas and cause cross contamination.
  5. Never admit liability. Be careful whom you submit information to. Be polite and always say you will follow up on the matter. Be sure to maintain complete records!

Public Relations

  1. Always be courteous.
  2. Listen.
  3. Be prepared to answer questions concerning your pesticide.
  4. Take care of problems as quickly as possible.


  1. All individuals that are required to apply pesticides must be properly trained in pesticide use.
  2. A training budget should be maintained in order for workers and supervisors to attend regular workshops offered by such institutions as Cornell Cooperative Extension.
  3. Gloves - Wear appropriate gloves that are labeled for chemical resistance, e.g. Neoprene, Butyl, or Nitrile material gloves. Use gloves that extend up to your elbows. Always wash gloves before you take them off.
  4. Body Coverings - For less toxic pesticides (Category //I or IV) regular long pants and long-sleeved shirts are sufficient in pesticide protection. Highly toxic or toxic pesticides (Category I or II) require protective clothing that resists chemical entry. Examples are: Overalls, Tyvex suits (dry applications only), or laminated fabrics that resist liquid penetration.
  5. Aprons - Use during equipment cleaning or the chemical mixing process. Use aprons that are made of Neoprene, Butyl, or Nitrile materials.
  6. Boots - Use unlined chemical resist boots. Do not use leather boots. Always wear your pant legs outside your boots to avoid chemical spills into boots.
  7. Goggles/Safety Glasses - Always wear protective goggles or a face shield when mixing pesticides.
  8. Respirators - Read pesticide label for specifics on respirator type to be used. . Respirators must be fitted using a fit test. Facial hair must not interfere with the proper fit of the respirator. Double check the respirator cartridges for filtering capabilities, and replace all filters after 8 hours of use. If the applicator smells an odor, change the filters immediately! All respirator use will be governed by the" Respiratory Protection Plan" of the College in accordance with CFR 29 1910.134
  9. Blood Test -Individuals who apply pesticides regularly should have a blood test annually. Particularly to determine cholinesterase levels, a nervous system chemical. Carbamate and organophosphate pesticides attack this chemical particularly and without it you will die.

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Appendix D

Beaumont Hall Fume Hood Fans

Fan Number Ld.Number Location Number of Hoods Room Number Remarks
2 F-2-17 ROOF 1 301C BEHIND Rm. 301
3 F-3-26 ROOF 1 401C  
5 F-2-9 ROOF 1 302C  
6 F-3-16 ROOF 1 406  
7 F-3-25 ROOF 2 401  
8 F-2-16 ROOF 2 301  
9 F-2-8 ROOF 2 302  
10 F-3-15 ROOF 1 410  
11 F-2-7 ROOF 2 304  
12 F-3-14 ROOF 1 412  
13 F-3-24 ROOF 2 403  
14 F-2-15 ROOF 2 301F  
15 F-2-6 ROOF 1 304B  
16 F-3-13 ROOF 1 416  
17 F-3-23 ROOF 1 403B  
19 F-2-14 ROOF 2 301G  
20 F-3-11 ROOF 1 420  
22 F-3-21 ROOF 1 424  
23 F-3-10 ROOF 1 407B  
24 F-2-5 ROOF 1 312B  
25 F-2-13 ROOF 2 301E BEHIND Rm.301 A
26 F-3-20 ROOF 2 407  
27 F-3-9 ROOF ,1 426  
28 PH-1 ROOF 1 109 REMOTE CONTROL at HOOD in 109
30 F-2-4 ROOF 2 312  
31 F-3-8 ROOF 1 428  
32 F-3-7 ROOF 1 430  
34 F-2-3 ROOF 2 314  
35 F-2-12 ROOF 2 305  
36 F-3-19 ROOF 2 409  
37 F-3-5 ROOF 1 434  
39 F-2-2 ROOF 1 436  
40 F-3-4 ROOF 1 314C  
44 F-3-18 ROOF 1 409C  
45 F-2-11 ROOF 1 305C  
46 F-3-1 ROOF 1 438  

Hudson Hall Fume Hood Fans

Fan Number Location Number of Hoods Room Number Remarks
HE-1 East Roof Mech. Room # 1 5 328  
HE-1A East Roof Mech. Room # 1 1 326  
  East Roof Mech. Room # 1 1 328 4th Hood From Door
HE-2 East Roof Mech. Room # 1 5 322  
HE-2A East Roof Mech. Room # 1 1 322 4th Hood From Door
  East Roof Mech. Room # 1 1 3268  
HE-3 West Roof Mech. Room # 2 5 320  
HE-3A West Roof Mech. Room # 2 1 014  
  West Roof Mech. Room # 2 1 018  
  West Roof Mech. Room # 2 1 020  
  West Roof Mech. Room # 2 1 318  
  West Roof Mech. Room # 2 1 320 4th Hood From Door
HE-4 Hallway Ceiling Near 106 1 106A  
GX-6 West Roof Mech. Room # 2 1 314  

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Contact Information

Cathleen Eldridge, Associate Director
Office: Sibley Hall 421
Phone: 564-5009
Fax: 564-5082